This picture sparked pretty lengthy discussions amongst the r/WhatIsThisThing community members. Some thought it was a novelty item from Soviet Russia, while others thought it was an ornate hammer. After some back and forth, the community settled on it being a sugar hammer.
Back in the 1940s in certain places in Africa, sugar was sold in compressed blocks. So, in order to sweeten your tea or desserts, you’d have to whack the block of sugar with a hard object. This is where the sugar hammer comes in. The blunt side can break off larger chunks of the sugar block, while the sharp claw can scrape against the block to remove tinier bits.